Good Friday 3-25-16
German, the day is called Karfreitag, or “Sorrowful Friday” or “Mourning Friday.”
If we skip Good Friday, we may forget the cost of salvation.
“When the dreadful cup was before Christ, he did not say, ‘Why should I go to plunge myself into such torments for worthless, wretched worms that deserve to be hated by me? Why should I who have been living from all eternity in the enjoyment of the Father’s love, cast myself into such a furnace for those who never can pay me for it? Why should I yield myself to be crushed by the divine wrath for those who have no love for me, and are my enemies? They do not deserve any union with me, and never did, and never will.’ Such, however, was not the language of Christ’s heart in these circumstances. On the contrary, he resolved even then, in the midst of his agony, to yield himself up to the will of God, and to take the cup and drink it.”– Jonathan Edwards
Jesus dying for our sins is OF FIRST IMPORTANCE says the Apostle Paul– 1 Corinthians 15:3,
Often we are reminded of the ever-quoted verse – John 3:16 – “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.”(RSV)
Now on Good Friday
- We rememberthe day Jesus willingly suffered and died by crucifixion as the only possible sacrifice for our sins (1 Peter 3:18 – “For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit.” NASB)
- We look aheadto a future resurrection for all who are united to him by faith(Romans 6:5).
- We must acknowledge our sinful nature. In order for the good news of the gospel to have meaning for us, we need to acknowledge our sinful nature. The good news of deliverance through Christ can only make sense when we see how we are enslaved by sin. The Law points out our sin; the gospel of Jesus Christ floods us with grace that leads to salvation and peace and a life with Christ.
On the Cross we see Suffering & Forgiveness, we see Wrath & Mercy
It is important each yearfor us to walk through the Passion, to look closely, intimately at the cost, the suffering, what Jesus did to make a way for each ofus to forgiveness, to overwhelming joy, peace beyond understanding, unfailing love, and everlasting life.
Jesus and His disciples gathered for the Last Supper. He sent the disciples into the city to make preparations. He told them to say, “My appointed time is near” (Mathew 26:18).
As John 13 begins, we read that, “Jesus knew that the time had come for Him to leave this world and go to the Father.” He washes the feet of His disciples.
Jesus speaks of the betrayal to come. He says, “the Son of Man will go just as it is written about Him” (Matthew 26:24). The one who would betray Him – Judas – would receive the bread Jesus dipped. Then Judas leaves. We read in John 13:30, “As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.” Judas left the Light of the world for the darkness.
Jesus speaks of the denial to come. He quotes Zechariah 13:7, “I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.” Peter exclaims, “Even if I have to die with you, I would never disown you” (Mark 14:31).
Jesus institutes the Lord’s Supper – Holy Communion. He says, “For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes” (1 Corinthians 11:26).
He shares the Discourse we read in John 14, and speaks in John 15 about being the True Vine. He promises opposition from the world.
He then speaks of the Holy Spirit to come. He says, “It is for your goodthat I am going away” (John 16:7). He reminds them again that they “will be scattered, each to his own home. You will leave me all alone” (John 16:32).
“But take heart! I have overcome the world” (John 16:33).
Then in John 17, Jesus prays for His disciples and for all who believe in Him. You. Me.
Jesus takes Peter, James, and John with Him to the Garden of Gethsemane. He went alone to pray. “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me” (Matthew 36:38).
“My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will but as you will” (Matthew 36: 39).
Judas brings the chief priests and Pharisees with a detachment of Roman soldiers. Judas points out Jesus with a kiss (Mark 14:45).
Jesus tells Judas to “do what you came for” (Matthew 26:50). Jesus lets the group know, “I am He” and they fall to the ground (John 18:6).
Peter reaches out and cuts off a piece of the ear of Malchus (John 8:10). Jesus tells Peter to “Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?” (John 8:11).
“But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way” (Matthew 26:54). “Then everyone deserted him and fled” (Mark 14:50).
Then came the Trial. First with the Jewish authority – Annas – father-in-law to Caiaphas the high priest. Second with the Jewish authority – Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin. “They all condemned him as worthy of death” (Mark 14:64).
Peter follows at a distance (Luke 22:54) and denies Jesus three times. Judas commits suicide, “for I have betrayed innocent blood” (Matthew 27:3).
Then came the Roman phase. Jesus went before Pilate the Roman Governor. Pilate sent him to Herod because He was from Galilee. Then Herod sent Him back to Pilate. Pilate says Jesus “has done nothing to deserve death” (Luke 23:15). He offers to release either Jesus or Barabbas. They select Barabbas to be released.
“The Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe and went up to him again and again, saying ‘Hail, king of the Jews!’ And they struck him in the face” (John 19:2-3).
The crowd yells for Jesus to be crucified. Pilate responds, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him” (John 18:6). He washes his hands of it and says, “I am innocent of this man’s blood. It is your responsibility” (Matthew 27:24).
The Roman soldiers stripped him, mocked him, spit on him, struck him in the head again and again (Matthew 27:28-30). He gets some help from Simon to carry His cross.
The first three hours of the crucifixion, Jesus faced the wrath of humans.
The soldiers cast lots to divide up the garments of Jesus (Mark 15:24) which fulfilled Psalm 22:18. The thief on the cross “hurled insults” at Jesus (Matthew 27:39).
Jesus asks John to watch over his mother (John 19:26-27).
The last three hours of the crucifixion, Jesus faced the wrath of God.
“From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land” (Matthew 27:45).
The Father speaks to Jesus (who is taking on all of our sin):
Why have you sinned against me?
- You are self-sufficient and self-righteous — consumed with yourself and puffed up and selfishly ambitious.
- You rob me of my glory and worship what’s inside of you instead of looking out to the One who created you.
- You are a greedy, lazy, gluttonous slanderer and gossip.
- You are a lying, conceited, ungrateful, cruel adulterer.
- You practice sexual immorality; you make pornography, and fill your mind with vulgarity.
- You exchange my truth for a lie and worship the creature instead of the Creator. And so you are given up to your sexual passions, dressing immodestly, and lusting after what is forbidden.
- With all your heart you love perverse pleasure.
- You hate your brother and murder him with the bullets of anger fired from your own heart.
- You kill babies for your convenience.
- You oppress the poor and deal slaves and ignore the needy.
- You persecute my people.
- You love money and prestige and honor.
- You are lukewarm and easily enticed by the world.
- You are filled with envy and rage and bitterness and unforgiveness.
- You blame others for your sin and are too proud to even call it sin.
- You are never slow to speak.
- And you have a razor tongue that lashes and cuts with its criticism and sinful judgment.
- Your words do not impart grace. Instead your mouth is filled with condemnation and guilt and obscene talk.
- You are a false prophet leading people astray.
- You mock your parents.
- You have no self-control.
- You are a betrayer who stirs up division and factions.
- You’re a thief.
- You do not trust me.
Drink my cup!
Jesus drinks. God’s wrath is poured out. He drinks every single drop of God’s hatred of sin. At this point, as Jesus takes on all of the world’s sin, the Father cannot look at his beloved Son. He must turn away.
Jesus calls out, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46).
The response: Silence. Separation.
Jesus whispers, “I’m thirsty.” (John 19:28). Someone puts wine vinegar on a stick and offers it to Jesus (Matthew 27:48).
Jesus cries out, “It is finished.” (John 19:28). He drank the cup of wrath until it was bone dry. Then he yells out, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” (Luke 23:46).
- The veil is torn (Mark 15:38).
- The earth shook (Matthew 27:51)
- The rocks split (Matthew 27:51).
It was a Good Friday.
The mission of Jesus was completed.
The sacrifice of Jesus was accepted.
The wrath of God against sin had to be poured out on Jesus, the perfect sacrificial substitute, in order for forgiveness and salvation to be poured out to all. Without the suffering, the sorrow, the blood shed at the cross, God could not be both “just and the justifier” of those who trust in Jesus (Romans 3:26).
Good Friday 2017
At about 9am, Jesus was nailed to the Cross.
At noon, darkness fell across the whole land.
At 3pm, Jesus died.
During the six hours that our Savior hung on the Cross, He spoke His last words.
- “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” [Luke 23:34]
Fulfilled Isaiah 53:12“Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”
J.C. Ryle “While the blood of the greatest sacrifice started to flow, the greatest of all high priests started to intercede.”
The tense of the word “said” in this passage indicates that the Lord repeated this appeal. Not only did He pray for forgiveness for His enemies, but He even argued on their behalf. Basically saying let me give you a reason why you should forgive them.
Hebrews 7:25– “Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.”
Isaiah 1:18– “”Come now, let’s settle this,” says the LORD. “Though your sins are like scarlet, I will make them as white as snow. Though they are red like crimson, I will make them as white as wool.”
Ephesians 1:7– “In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace”
- “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.” [Luke 23:43]
When we suffer, we are consumed by ourselves and we forget everything else.
Jesus was focused on our forgiveness, our salvation.
He promises salvation to the one thief, who would that very day join Him in Paradise.
The thief only asked to be remembered. Our God provides in abundance. You won’t simply be remembered – you’re coming with Me!
Colossians 1:13-14– “For he has rescued us from the kingdom of darkness and transferred us into the Kingdom of his dear Son, who purchased our freedom and forgave our sins.”
Romans 10:9– “If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”
- “Woman, behold, your son!” / “Behold, your mother!” [John 19:26-27]
Fulfilled Luke 2:35“and a sword will pierce even your own soul– to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”
Mary found out what this truly meant.
John calls himself the disciple Jesus loves
He is the disciple who stays with Mary
He is the disciple who stays at the Cross
He is the disciple who is given responsibility for Mary
- “ELI, ELI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” – “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” [Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34]
Fulfilled Isaiah 53:46 “But the LORD was pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days, And the good pleasure of the LORD will prosper in His hand.”
Quoted Psalm 22:1 “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?”
God could not look upon His Son while He bore all sin, as He is holy. At this one moment, Jesus was without the Father.
Because He was alone on the Cross, you NEVER have to be alone.
- “I am thirsty.” [John 19:28]
Fulfilled Psalm 69:21They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.
Hell is a place of thirst (Luke 16). When Jesus died on the Cross for us, He entered the darkness of hell for us and He thirsted.
This is the only time He is focused on His own physical needs
He’s quenching His thirst by drinking the cup God placed before Him (John 18:11– this is the cup God gave Him to drink)
John 4:34– “Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me and to accomplish His work.”
By depleting Himself in death, Jesus would become a bountiful stream of living water
Isaiah 55:1 “Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat!Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
John 4:14“But those who drink the water I give will never be thirsty again. It becomes a fresh, bubbling spring within them, giving them eternal life.”
- “It is finished!” [John 19:30]
Servant – I have finished the work you gave me. The task assigned was completed the way the master wanted it to be done and when the master wanted it completed.
Artist – It is finished means the picture is complete
Galatians 4:4-5– “But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeemthose who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.”
Merchant – Debt is paid in full. The purchases made on layaway were paid. When the last payment is made, this was written on the receipt to note that the debt is fully paid.
Hebrews 10:12– “But our High Priest offered himself to God as a single sacrifice for sins, good for all time. Then he sat down in the place of honor at God’s right hand.”
Priest – It is perfect– if they examined the sacrificial animal and it was faultless and acceptable for the offering
1 Peter 1:19– “but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.”
- “Father, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.” [Luke 23:46]
The final act of obedience
Prayer that Jewish mothers taught their children to say before bed
Quoted Psalm 31:5 “Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O LORD, faithful God.”
The Father’s protection àJesus was no longer in the hands of the sinners. He died confidently because He was in the Father’s hands.
The divine plan was not brought to completion according to the human limits of the human body, but according to the Son’s awareness that His mission had come to an end.
He did what only He could do. It was a loving, self-sacrifice.
John 10:18 “No one can take my life from me. I sacrifice it voluntarily. For I have the authority to lay it down when I want to and also to take it up again. For this is what my Father has commanded.”